Asbestos and mineral wool explained
Asbestos and non-asbestos fiber cement
Asbestos was a very popular material in buildings of various types between 1900 and 1993. Accordingly, it is very likely that asbestos was used in buildings constructed up to 1993. Working with asbestos-containing material can be very dangerous if proper safety precautions are not taken, and can lead to lasting damage to the health of the lungs or even lung cancer. For this reason, the provisions of TRGS 519 must be strictly observed when disposing of asbestos. TRGS 519 summarizes how to behave when disposing of asbestos; among other things, it states that asbestos may only be collected, stored and transported in suitable containers (BigBags).
After the ban on the production and use of asbestos, production was switched to an asbestos-free fiber cement. This alternative is harmless to health and is used in the same areas of application. If you find non-asbestos fiber cement that needs to be disposed of, it is advisable to consider a recycling alternative.
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New and old mineral wool
A distinction must be made not only between glass wool, rock wool and slag wool, but also between old and new mineral wool. Since June 01, 2000, there has been a ban on the production, marketing and use of mineral wool products without evidence of health concerns (old mineral wool). While the old mineral wool is classified as carcinogenic, mutagenic and toxic to reproduction. This is precisely what must be avoided in the production of new mineral wool. There are strict requirements for the production of new mineral wool, which must be complied with and also proven.
Mineral wool or KMF has been used for several decades for heat, sound and fire protection, as well as for technical insulation in building and utility engineering. A distinction must be made between glass wool, rock wool and slag wool, which differ in their composition and method of production. Mineral wool has been listed as a pollutant in TRGS 905 since 1994, before it was officially classified as “probably carcinogenic” the year before. With the TRGS 521, mineral wool received a comprehensive set of rules with precise regulations for handling mineral wool.